This Dark Age

A manual for life in the modern world.

By Daniel Schwindt

This Dark Age is now available in paperback on Amazon. The print version is MUCH cleaner than this online version, which is largely unedited and has fallen by the wayside as the project has grown. If you’ve appreciated my writing, please consider leaving a review on the relevant paperback volumes. The print edition also includes new sections (Military History, War Psychology, Dogmatic Theology).

Volume 1 | Volume 2 | Volume 3| Volume 4 | Volume 5 | Volume 6

Early followers and opposition

The earliest converts, after Khadija, were his cousin ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib (the fourth caliph and, for Shia Muslims, the first Imam), his close friend Abu Bakr (the first caliph), Umar ibn Al-Khattab (the second caliph), and Uthman ibn Affan (the third caliph).

The success of any new idea or school of thought is a threat to the established order, whether political, religious, or economic, since those who hold power in each of these do not like having to readapt themselves. To be more precise about how exactly Islam was a threat to the order of Mecca, we must first describe its role as religious center.

Mecca was the location of the Ka’bah, the ‘House of God’, which was established at the city’s center and believed to have been built originally by Adam himself and then reconstructed by Abraham. Thus it was seen as a primordial sanctuary and a destination for pilgrims far and wide. The result was of course that it also became a center for trade, and many derived power and wealth from its presence and its use by diverse groups and, more importantly, the diversity of gods worshiped by these groups, whose idols populated the sacred space of the Ka-bah.

It is not difficult to see, in the context, how the message of Muhammad, which was a denial of all gods but Allah, was met with hostility, and this opposition grew in proportion to the success of the message of Islam.

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