This Dark Age

A manual for life in the modern world.

By Daniel Schwindt

This Dark Age is now available in paperback on Amazon. The print version is MUCH cleaner than this online version, which is largely unedited and has fallen by the wayside as the project has grown. If you’ve appreciated my writing, please consider leaving a review on the relevant paperback volumes. The print edition also includes new sections (Military History, War Psychology, Dogmatic Theology).

Volume 1 | Volume 2 | Volume 3| Volume 4 | Volume 5 | Volume 6

Further distinctions

Traditionally the distinction is between soul and intellect/spirit. In Sufism this distinction is between nafs (soul) and aql or ruh (spirit) which corresponds to Philo’s distinction between Pscyhe (soul) and Pneuma (spirit). This latter is also what we find in the New Testament when we are told that the Word of God divides ‘soul from spirit.’ Occasionally the distinction is placed between anima and animus (William of Thierry), but the meaning is the same. And in each case there is little question of which of these is the ‘tempter.’ For Kashfu’l Mahjub, the Muslim theologian, the soul is the type of hell in this world, while Al-Ghazali calls the soul ‘the greatest of your enemies,’ which would make little sense if it was not identifiable with Satan himself.

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