This Dark Age

A manual for life in the modern world.

By Daniel Schwindt

This Dark Age is now available in paperback on Amazon. The print version is MUCH cleaner than this online version, which is largely unedited and has fallen by the wayside as the project has grown. If you’ve appreciated my writing, please consider leaving a review on the relevant paperback volumes. The print edition also includes new sections (Military History, War Psychology, Dogmatic Theology).

Volume 1 | Volume 2 | Volume 3| Volume 4 | Volume 5 | Volume 6

Human law

Why then, if there is a natural law written in the hearts of men, do we not find the same laws and customs in every society? Why, if all men possess the same nature and therefore the same natural law, does every society have different laws? The explanation for this lies in the third kind of law, which is called human law. The difference between natural law and human law is that natural law provides general precepts which are everywhere the same, while human law represents particular applications of these precepts. Because every nation and historical period differs and therefore has different needs, its applications of the precepts will be incredibly diverse, even though the precepts themselves will remain the same. This is a valid diversity so long as they accord with natural law and, through this, eternal law. It is only by ultimately deriving from the eternal law that any lower form of law has its validity:

“Human law is law only by virtue of its accordance with right reason; and thus it is manifest that it flows from the eternal law. And in so far as it deviates from right reason it is called an unjust law; in such case it is no law at all, but rather a species of violence.”[1]

[1] ST I-II, q. 93, a. 3.

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