This Dark Age

A manual for life in the modern world.

By Daniel Schwindt

This Dark Age is now available in paperback on Amazon. The print version is MUCH cleaner than this online version, which is largely unedited and has fallen by the wayside as the project has grown. If you’ve appreciated my writing, please consider leaving a review on the relevant paperback volumes. The print edition also includes new sections (Military History, War Psychology, Dogmatic Theology).

Volume 1 | Volume 2 | Volume 3| Volume 4 | Volume 5 | Volume 6

Levels of meaning and interpretation

The most sublime meaning contained in the Koran is known to God alone, but there are various other levels of meaning to which man has access.

A primary division is between the outward meaning (tafsir) and the inward (ta’wil), and Islamic tradition has provided commentaries from both points of view. There is, further, a developed science of numeric symbolism that corresponds to the Hebrew Kabbala, called here jafr.

Barring certain fundamentalist interpretations that are by no means representative of the mainstream, all of these levels are considered important for an understanding of the Koranic text.

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