This Dark Age

A manual for life in the modern world.

By Daniel Schwindt

This Dark Age is now available in paperback on Amazon. The print version is MUCH cleaner than this online version, which is largely unedited and has fallen by the wayside as the project has grown. If you’ve appreciated my writing, please consider leaving a review on the relevant paperback volumes. The print edition also includes new sections (Military History, War Psychology, Dogmatic Theology).

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Righteous anger vs. wrath

Anger is a legitimate response to injustice, just as the Lord expressed anger in the Temple toward the money-changers, going so far as to strike them with whips, driving them from the place. We would call this righteous anger, but before we do so we need understand why it is righteous anger expressed through righteous action, and not wrath expressed through illicit violence.

First, anger is a passion with which we react to evil and desire the restoration of justice. As a passion, anger is neither moral or immoral in itself, but becomes one or the other depending on whether or not it is properly ordered and felt in the appropriate degree. If anger is at the wrong object or to a greater or lesser degree than appropriate, then it becomes a vice. We must emphasize here that the lack of anger at injustice is an evil of “defect,” just as excessive anger is an evil of “excess.” Returning to the example of Christ in the Temple, we can say that if a man in that situation had gone any further than Christ, or had neglected to do anything at all, he would have fallen into one or the other evils. Anger should spur us to restore a balance that has been lost—the balance of justice.

Although we have mentioned primarily anger as a passion, we should always connect this with its expression through action: both are separate, as internal and external phenomena, and a man may be right in one but wrong in the other. He may feel an appropriate degree of anger and at the correct object, but his actions may be clumsy or excessive in their effect.

In any consideration of military action we must analyze our passions and ensure that we are not driven by a passion that is excessive, debilitated by one that is deficient, and that our anger is directed toward the proper object.

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