This Dark Age

A manual for life in the modern world.

By Daniel Schwindt

This Dark Age is now available in paperback on Amazon. The print version is MUCH cleaner than this online version, which is largely unedited and has fallen by the wayside as the project has grown. If you’ve appreciated my writing, please consider leaving a review on the relevant paperback volumes. The print edition also includes new sections (Military History, War Psychology, Dogmatic Theology).

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Samsara and the multiple states of the being

Having driven home our warning about technical overreach in doctrinal exposition, we can give credit where credit is due by referring to Guenon’s presentation of the multiple states of the being as a demonstration of why the repetition of the human state is a metaphysical impossibility. And here we should emphasize that despite the minor criticism of Guenon mentioned above, we must agree with him that there can be no repetition in the arising and existence of beings, and therefore no ‘reincarnation’ in the sense of a being retracing its journey through the same state twice. Guenon’s representation was this: that the round of births and deaths signifying the ascending states of the being could also be depicted via a vertical spiral, or rather a vertical double-helix. Viewed from above, this representation would resemble a circle or wheel, and this circle is samsara. Envisaged from the side, however, the various revolutions of the spiral become evident, and what previously appeared to be a single plane now appears as an indefinite number of revolutions. Guenon, this device was a good way of demonstrating that the round, or samsara, was not truly a ‘closed revolution’ forming a single flat plane, but rather, like the double-helix viewed from the side, it could be envisioned as being composed of an indefinite number of revolutions. The important and useful point about his device is that is emphasizes how one could begin at a particular point on the spiral and travel around the axis several times, and while viewed from above this traveler would apparently be retracing their steps and ‘going in circles,’ but when viewed from the aspect of the spiral it becomes clear that the traveler is actually ascending, albeit in revolutions, in an upward direction. No matter how many ‘rounds’ he makes, he will never be forced to cover the same ground at the same level. This device is perhaps as precise as the symbolism permits us to get, and it demonstrates quite well the truth of samsara while making clear the ‘ascending’ and non-repetitive nature of the journey itself without offending the traditional symbolism. The completion of a revolution is equivalent to a ‘graduation’ onto a new plane, and is what we could describe as a death to one world and a rebirth into another.

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