This Dark Age

A manual for life in the modern world.

By Daniel Schwindt

Universal Substance, or Prakriti

Like Vaisheshika, we are here dealing with Universal Manifestation or nature, but this time from the point of view of principles. In a way, then, we can see Sankhya as the intermediate between Vaisheshika cosmology and metaphysics itself. The exposition of this point of view is attributed to Kapila, which as always in these cases should be taken symbolically, as representing an intellectual aggregate, the work of a collective, and not a single personality. The title of the darshana means ‘enumeration’ or ‘catalog,’ which is appropriate since its teachings are summarized in the twenty-four tattvas, which are the principles and elements, and these correspond to the various degrees of being in a hierarchical order.

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