The term Hindu should not be considered as a religious label, like ‘Christian’ or ‘Muslim’; nor can it be said to specify the beliefs of a race, since those who belong to the Hindu tradition are composed on an ethnic diversity that rivals Europe; nor does the term refer to a nationality, since there are no nationalities in the East. That is why, although there are Muslims in India, we must always refer to them as ‘Indian Muslims’ and not ‘Hindu Muslims,’ and it would be absurd also to speak of a ‘Islamic Hinduism’ or some such confused notion. What, then, is the meaning of this term? To answer this question we might look to the origins of the present state of affairs. The civilization now called ‘Hinduism’ was brought to India at some distant point in time from the north. We can refer to this early civilization as Indo-Iranian and not ‘Aryan,’ for reasons we will explain below. At a certain point, this tradition ruptured and a branch extended to the West, and became Persian civilization. The nature of this rupture is clear by the fact that in language of the Persians one finds Sanskrit terms, but endowed with a meaning opposite to that found in the latter. Persian civilization should therefore be seen as a limb branching away from the trunk, and this trunk now goes by the name Hinduism.